Head Start Analysis


We have created a number of Head start-specific indicators that are relevant to the Needs Assessment you will be preparing as part of your proposal. (A description of Needs Assessment content is included in the Reference Section below).  The indicators we have prepared are available at either the ZIP code or census tract level.  Several of them are also illustrated in the maps below.

To match your ZIP code or census tract to its numerical code, see our reference map.

The 2010 Census did not collect information on educational attainment, income, poverty, employment, vehicle availability, and other socioeconomic characteristics.  These data were incorporated in the new American Community Survey.  The poverty and labor force data included in your tract level indicators file come from the 2006-10 American Community Survey (ACS).  Data at the neighborhood (census tract) level require five years of sample interviews to be combined.  The 2006-2010 ACS file contains the most recent data available.  No ACS data are available at the ZIP code level, however.  While we have provided only limited information on this site, we may be developing more indicators for general context purposes and are available for specific requests.

In addition to the specific indicators we have calculated for you, we also offer our Census Comparison tool.  This tool allows you to look at any ZIP code or census tract and track 2000 – 2010 trends on all census variables, including age, race/ethnicity, household and family composition, housing occupancy and housing tenure.  These may come in handy when you are providing general context on the demographics of your service area.


Census 2010

While we have only mapped 2010 data on single-parent households, our Census Comparison Tool allows you to find information related to all the questions asked on the Census questionnaire.  These data will allow you to describe population trends, age distributions, the racial and ethnic context, housing trends and much more detail on the living arrangements of children.

American Community Survey 2006-2010

See the Data section above for information about our ACS maps.

Michigan Department of Community Health

The Michigan Department of Community Health collects information related to every birth and death in the state.  They release this information for large geographic areas – state, county and communities.  Data Driven Detroit has acquired the individual birth record files for 2008 and 2009. (We anticipate receiving the 2010 file by September 2012.)  We have taken these individual files and attached geographic codes to them so that we can produce information at either the ZIP Code or Census Tract level.  Each birth record includes information on both the child (weight, level of prenatal care) and mother (age, educational level, and smoking history).  We have utilized these data to calculate the percent of teenage births, but can provide you with additional information if you require it.

Early Development Instrument



In order to get a handle on Kindergarten Readiness (one of the measures required by the Feds for their applications), we must use results from the Early Development Instrument (EDI), developed at the Offord Centre for Child Studies at McMaster University in Canada.1  The UCLA Center for Healthier Children, Families and Communities, under license from McMaster University, is implementing the EDI in the Detroit area, in collaboration with the United Way for Southeastern Michigan (UWSEM).

The EDI has 103 core items and is an observational checklist, based on recall, that is completed by kindergarten teachers on each child in their class in the second half of the school year.  The EDI requires approximately 10-15 minutes per child to complete.  Information collected using the EDI is reported at a group level (e.g. for a census tract, neighborhood, city, etc) and is never reported on individual children or used as a screening or diagnostic tool for children.

We have included several documents that explain the EDI and provide test results for Southeast Michigan and Detroit.

We have mapped EDI test results by ZIP code.  Specifically, we have mapped high-end results (Percent of Children Scoring At or Above the 75th Percentile on 4 or More Scales) and the low-end results (Percent of Children Scoring in the Lowest 10th Percentile on at Least One Scale.)  Results for each of the five domains are included in the ZIP code indicator file in the first section.

The final map we have included in this section is a market share map.  In order to judge how representative the EDI test results are for a ZIP Code, one needs to have an understanding of the share of eligible children in that ZIP Code who were tested.  The map shows a very wide range of coverage, from less than 1 percent to 48 percent.  While none of these market shares would suggest particularly reliable results, shares less than 30 percent should be treated with extreme wariness.

1 The tool is referred to by the publishers as the Early Development Instrument; however, in Orange County, it is referred to as the Early Development Index to reflect the community level marker of child development that is produced in the Community Profile report.    

American Community Survey 2007-2011

All Maps




See Also